Hippocrates wrote: "Let food be thy medicine and
medicine be thy food.”
Words to live a healthy life by.
This Herbal News post is from my recent Homegrown Garden Tea
Party – How to Grow a Summer Herb Garden talk for the United Way of Greater
|Photo courtesy: Angela Scibilia UWGMC|
I realized a lot of foodies and gardeners are keen to learn
how to grow and use herbs.
|Photo courtesy: Angela Scibilia UWGMC|
Besides adding taste and flavor nuance to culinary dishes
that span the spectrum from peasant country heritage to haute cuisine recipes,
herbs are the magic in cooking, fairy tale love potions and sinister herbal
poisons – referred to as the “Silent Weapon” during the Middle Ages.
Throughout history every culture has traditions and tales to
tell about how its herbs are used to heal, to clean, and how they play a
starring role in religious ceremonies.
The Greeks traced their discovery of poisonous plants to
Hecate, the Goddess of Sorcery.
Ahh, love that girl power!
The Greeks believe Hecate’s whipped up her first potion using
Aconite, the very pretty flower known as Monk’s Hood.
Shakespeare was fond of using arsenic as a character
Bella Donna or deadly nightshade got its name because women
would use eye drops made from the plant to dilate their pupils – believed to be
a sign of beauty.
Ah, and people think Botox is extreme...
But then Marc Anthony’s troops were supposedly poisoned with
bella donna by Scotland’s King Duncan.
The real curiosity is why do herbs hold our fascination for
more than 5,000 years and yet are so little understood.
In English, even the pronunciation is different on either
side of the pond.
Yanks say “erb” with the “H” silent, and the Brits give the “H”
a fiull-on breathy sound – just like the man’s name.
In many ways I think herbs are misunderstood because they
-- so that we take them
for granted, perhaps.
Today, more than 30 percent of modern drugs come from
The World Health Organization estimates 8% of the Asian and
African world use herbal medicine as primary health care, including the
Ayurveda system and its pursuit of living in tune with nature.
Medicine men, shamans, witches, healers and herbalists (and
even the big pharmaceuticals) all employ plants for their natural antioxidants,
anti-aging, disease-preventing and alleviating powers.
Vervain or Verbena, referred to as the “Holy Herb” is
associated with the divine or supernatural and is believed to have been used to
staunch Jesus’ wounds from the Cross.
Basil is worshiped as a goddess by Hindus.
Rastafarians consider cannabis to be a holy plant.
Because Mistletoe bears fruit at the time of Winter Solstice
it was used in Druid Britain as symbol of immortality. In Celtic mythology, it
is considered a remedy for barrenness and an antidote to poison.
Native American Medicine Men and woman – embraced the
intimate connection with plants and medicine believing that plants were given to
them by the creator to heal people.
spiritual experiences they used four “Sacred Herbs:”
(purifies and cleans)
Herbs are flowering plants with leaves, seeds or flowers
used for flavoring food, in medicine, in perfume.
Herbs play well with other plants – they’re versatile and
are great partners for fruits, vegetables and ornamentals.
I once designed an extended edible garden where each plot in
the bed was color coded and filled with a mixture of that color but different
textures and shapes.
Have fun with the partnerings: a Pizza Garden is a mix of
basil, oregano and tomato.
Bear in mind there are very many cultivars of herbs. There is
not just one fennel, for example; rather you can enjoy the herb Foeniculum
vulgare. Fennel Purpureum with its bronze purple leaves, or Foeniculum dulce,
Florence fennel for its anise-flavored bulbs.
Grow a diverse crop of herbs – and vegetables.
Overall, herbs can be grown from seed, cuttings, or as
The seed catalogs that brighten a winter’s day are the “Look
Book” of the garden-scene: botanical art, colorful cultivars and species,
organic and hybrid, exotic and heirloom – theirs is a special language and an
intoxicating presence that you can get lost in a dreamy haze of garden delight.
I recommend planting after Mother’s Day in temperate zones
of 6 through 9 ish.
We start our seeds indoors under the light in late
winter/early spring and they are good to go by this time as well.
Grow a mix of annual and perennial herbs.
Purchase your plants and seeds from a grower you know and
Often the big box stores import
the plants where growing conditions may not be optimum and they travel great
distances in tight spaces where they can pick up diseases.
The tomato blight we experienced in the not too distant past
was a result of bad circumstances.
Food thought leader and James Beard award-winning chef, Dan
Barber wrote a New York Times
Op Ed piece about this
He wrote, (in part),
“Large retailers like Home Depot, Kmart,
Lowe’s and Wal-Mart bought starter plants from industrial breeding operations
in the South and distributed them throughout the Northeast. (Fungal spores,
which can travel up to 40 miles, may also have been dispersed in transit.) Once
those infected starter plants arrived at the stores, they were purchased and
planted, transferring their pathogens like tiny Trojan horses into backyard and
Support your local growers.
If not planting in the ground, herbs are ideal grown in
Plant near where you will use them – adjacent to the kitchen
If not using classic container pots, think creatively.
Anything can be used as a pot – shoes, dishes or cups, urns,
toys, and sports equipment!
|I'm demonstrating how to pot up an herb garden in my hanging Garden Pendants |
Pot up containers with an eye to the overall look of color, texture and size utilizing this easy to remember method:
- Thriller: tall or statement plants
- Filler: bushier filling plants
- Spiller: vines or hanging plants
|The United Way offered a variety of herb to sell, Jacks Nursery, Pennington |
Wash out all pots & containers from last year.
Sterilize the pots and pruning equipment.
A 10% bleach solution is most often recommended.
I prefer to use white vinegar.
If the containers don’t already have drainage hole in the
bottom - place broken clay pieces from spent pots or use stones.
The idea is to allow the water to drain away
from the plant to prevent root rot.
Herbs are so versatile, in fact, that they inspire a
category or style of healthy, beneficial method of gardening referred to as Companion Planting
Growing certain herbs with or near other herbs, vegetables,
or flowers offers a way to increase yield naturally, reduce the need for
chemical applications for pest control and encourage healthy, beneficial
A Mother Earth Living
post I researched
subsequent to the United Way Herb Talk summarizes the Companion Planting quite
The only recommendations I can take issue with from my own
experience is my sage and rue are quite simpatico – as is the rosemary and
Love that writer Lauren Holt notes how basil benefits flavor
of tomatoes, oregano, peppers and even asparagus.
See, there is more to the idea of that Pizza Garden than
just happy gardening haiku.
Gotta love the benefit of growing chamomile – it’s a wonder
team player that helps pretty much every other plant – and us.
And well, it is pretty all by itself.
There are many self-watering planters available with a built
in water reservoir.
If not using an irrigation system to water the containers,
you can purchase the glass globes with long stem that when filled with water
will drip drain into the potting material to nourish the plant.
|Photo courtesy: Angela Scibilia UWGMC|
If this is too fancy and takes a bite out of your purse, you
can drill holes in PVC pipes and insert water bottles to act the same way.
Remember to water the roots, not the leaves.
Best to water mid-morning or early evening.
Occasional misting is good.
Herbs are carefree and if planted in the ground don’t need fertilizer.
You might need occasional fertilizer if container planting.
Deadhead the flowering part of the plant to encourage
Especially so when growing basil.
Pinch out to produce compact, bush plants and maximize crop
If the plant sets seeds it will
tend to stop flowering.
Keep the plants clean; take out spent or damaged leaves.
Good horticulture hygiene practice cuts down the risks of
pests and diseases – especially for young plants.
Evergreen herbs, including rosemary, chamomile, and sage should
be trimmed regularly throughout the growing season.
Some herbs need support for their trellising.
Tuteurs, wooden framework, a fence, obelisk, drying rack, or
a statue are all good choices that also add whimsy and charm to the garden
while serving a function.
Trellising allows the plant to wind or grow up and also aids
in air circulation.
In the garden bed or container, plants benefit from mulch: it
helps retain moisture and mitigate weeds.
Mulch can be sea shells, stones, cocoa shells, pebbles,
beach or tumbled glass, marbles, pine cones or white pine needles – especially
for the acid loving plants like blueberries.
Be sure to label your
Too often we forget what it is that was planted and then
hesitate to use them.
You can use the markers that come with the plant – or get
creative and make plant markers writing the common or botanical nomenclature on
store-bought beauties, popsicle sticks,
Spoons and forks work so well, too. After all, you are going
to eat these beauties!
Harvest herbs when you need to add them to your
Many harvest the herbs in the
morning when the aromatic oil in the herbs is at its peak.
Herbs – like other plants - grow best when nurtured with
sun, water, and love.
& Cocktail Recipes
Herbs are used in most every recipe.
Dried herbs are more potent that fresh – up to three times
more punch -- so use accordingly.
Remember to eat the herbs’
To name just a few you will enjoy eating: Nasturtiums, Arugula,
Agastache – Cornflowers, Clove Pinks, Daylily, (their buds and petals are like
Edible flowers look gorgeous on the plate, in a salad or
when crystalized, on pastries and baked treats.
Pot marigolds are like saffron and can be used to color
rice, butters, cakes, or sprinkled in salads)
Primrose, and scented leaved pelargoniums and sunflowers are
glamorous eat-treats, too.
Think of using herbs
to infuse honey and salt
Lavender flowers work in ice cream or vinegars or crystalize
them and violas and pansies, violets, begonias, Johnny-jump-ups, rose petals, lilac,
borage, pea, pinks, scented geraniums for cakes, cupcakes and puddings.
Use a recipe of beaten egg whites, a few drops of water or
vodka to coat the just-picked flowers and paint the blossoms, following by a
sprinkling of fine sugar and dry on a wire rack or paper towels.
Store the crystalized petals you don’t use (really?!) in a
tin till next time.
They’ll keep for
almost a year.
Don’t know what herbs go with what dishes?
Onions, Garlic, Chives – Allium family members are terrific
in salads, soups, sauces, egg dishes, eat the leaves and bulbs
Dill – feathery anise flavored leaves in fish dishes and as
French Tarragon – Anise flavored herb for egg, fish, and chicken
dishes or salads.
Lemon Grass – work great in Southeast Asian and meat &
Cilantro – The foliage is a good citrusy flavor in Mexican
and Thai dishes and added flavor to make guacamole sing
When grilling, check out my Examiner Grilling column post
column to learn that herbs cut down on harmful carcinogens and how to add to
marinades or used in shish kabobs.
Cocktails & Drinks
Here are some fun and tasty drink suggestions that will
expand your herbal imbibing:
Borage – use the pretty blue flowers and freeze into ice
The plant’s cucumber tasting leaves are a great garnish for
drinks (or in salads.)
Chamomile – the daisy looking flowers are superb for tea
(and as a hair conditioner!)
In fact, any kind of herb can be used as a tea, including
Thyme and Sage, which are helpful to heal a sore throat.
Lemon Grass leaves are used in Tisane or tea.
Every kind of mint: pineapple, chocolate or orange are
joyfully refreshing used in iced teas and as a garnish.
Shaken or stirred, Shiso Martinis use fresh lime and the
mint-like shiso leaf for a bracing alternative to the standard martini.
According to Jessica
, Brooklyn’s top-tier mixologist, “Herbs are great to infuse in
wine, sherry and syrups.
“Syrups are the best way because it’s easy and you just add
a bit to a glass of wine, champagne or Presecco, a spirit or even beer,”
A veteran of bleeding edge cocktail emporiums including the
Clover Club www.cloverclubny.com and
the Flatiron Lounge www.flatironlounge.com
where the secret to success, according to NY Magazine, is owner-partner Julie
Reiner’s cheflike approach to the cocktail craft.
Wohlers has been a featured mixologist in a recent NY Post
for her culinary cocktail prowess.
The willowy and talented Wohlers embraces the stand-up taste
and intriguing flavor options herbs afford a creative cocktail maker.
Two of Wohlers’ favorite herb-inspired cocktail recipes are:
The drink uses rosemary-infused red wine, Oloroso sherry,
homemade citrus syrup, Angostura and Regans’ Orange Bitters No. 6 (www.gazregan.com
Mix all the ingredients together, pour over ice and garnish.
You have to love Regan describe his early attempts at
creating his and Mardee’s Weekend Alchemist attempts when creating Regans’
Orange Bitters No.6.
“Strolling around a
store that supplies witches, warlocks, and gremlins with the potions and
what-not I found everything I needed to make Baker’s formula, and I added some
gentian, cinchona and quassia to the mix for good measure…”
Wohlers goes on to describe another good herbal drink on her
current cocktail menu:
The colorful cocktail (Naturally she’d highlight a dramatic,
color-imbued sassy drink – Wohlers is also a fine art painter and stylist) uses
hibiscus flower infused white rum, pear liqueur, lemon juice, Demerara syrup (a
simple syrup made with demerara or turbinado sugar that gives it an almost
caramel flavor found in happy tropical drinks) and Angostura bitters, shaken
and served up.
Use herbs including thyme or lavender to infuse drinks as
varied as lemonade, champagne or spritzers.
Love Lillet? Who doesn’t?
It’s so refreshing for summer, too. (www.lillet.com
Replace the orange slice with basil a sprig of cucumber or
cinnamon, tonic, and basil
Not inclined to liquor? There’s an abundance of online
recipes to harvest including this one:
3/4 ounce fresh herbs, such as basil, lemon verbena, mint,
1 teaspoon freshly squeezed lemon juice
Sparkling water or club soda, ice for serving